Technology, IT, and ISYS Information
Unlike information technology (IT), which deals specifically with computers and computer programs, information system (ISYS) is made up of wider variety of interrelated components. In its broad sense, information system refers to the integration of and interaction between people, data, and infrastructure to gather, process, and disseminate information.
The typical information system model comprises of several interrelated components. On the one hand, there’s the data system – the use of computer and computer software, raw data, infrastructure, and networks; on the other, there’s the activity system – people’s use of such data system or technology. The goal is to produce output (information products) by accepting and processing input (data resources) in an organized conversion process.
Information systems tend to be confused with computer science, but these are two different concepts. Information system may make use of information technology, but information system is more focused on the interface between information technology and business management using computer science to make it work. In other words, information system is relevant to the control and management of activities and performance of a business process. It is used to support e-business and e-commerce operations, decision making, and maintaining of competitive advantage. For these reasons, information systems have assumed pivotal role in administration and strategic success of businesses operating in a global, internet-networked environment.
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